Fish House of Artificial Coral Reefs

Where are the fish? People will easily answer at sea, or more commonly in the water. But in what part of the sea?


Fish House of Artificial Coral Reefs

Many do not realize or do not know, including the fishermen themselves, God created coral reefs in the sea with one of the benefits of being a kind of shelter for fish. In the coral reefs, which are actually also living things formed from coral animals or planulas that have undergone the process of hardening or calcification for many years, fish lay eggs and experience growth.

Damage to coral reefs can mean a threat to the survival of fish. If the fish population in the sea is reportedly reduced and fishermen's catch continues to shrink over the years, it could be one of the consequences of damage to naturally formed native coral reefs.

Coral reefs on the coast of java sea is one of the fish habitats that are undergoing damage to the condition is not 100 percent anymore.

"It can be said that the function is now only 75 percent," according to the field survey, which was found on an unnamed beach.

Damage can be caused by natural processes. But not infrequently also caused by human actions.

Ir H Soekimin, a successful fisherman who is now engaged in the manufacture of artificial coral reefs, called the perpetrators of coral reef destruction a "killer". Because they not only take the fish, but at the same time damage their habitat, where the sea animals are born and grow. "Coral reefs are also often hunted for reasons of beauty, namely to be made handicrafts".

Artificial Reefs

This beach is one of the areas where coral reefs are damaged, which are tried to be overcome by artificial coral reefs. The location is precisely at a distance of about an hour's drive by boat from the beach.

Artificial coral reefs are broad box-shaped objects on all six sides, made of reinforced concrete bars. Making by casting cement dough, kricak stone, and sand on a mold.

The boxes are then arranged into pyramid shapes, with the compositions of nine (bottom), four (middle), one (top), then tied to each other. The next process sinks the pyramid in the depths of the sea.

According to the experts, who are also experts in shooting in the water, the sinking can not be anywhere in the sea. The depth alone must be qualified at least 10 to 30 meters above sea level, so as not to interfere with the cruise.

In addition the seabed should be selected that is not muddy. Once installed in an eligible location, on the surface is placed a buoy connected with a rope and fastened to the artificial reef. The buoy will be a sign or warning to water users, such as fishermen, that in the location in question there is artificial coral.

The objects engineered by the experts will then be covered by coral animals, which over time will undergo a process of hardening or calcification. The longer it is in the depths of the water and undergoes such a process, the stronger it will be, and it is expected to be a place for fish in the sea to lay eggs and grow and develop.

With such a function, artificial coral is similar to rumpon, which on the coast of Jakarta is made by drowning buses or rickshaws - used rickshaws. Only difference is, artificial coral reefs have other, more complex functions.

The construction of artificial coral reefs along pantura can be a project of billions or even trillions of rupiah. Making it might be an easy job. But the process of sinking and placing it at sea requires the involvement of experts in its field.

On the beach it was transported from land to be arranged into pyramids then tied to each other on two barges. The traditional barge made of bamboo floated on the drum was then pulled into the sea by boat.

Arriving at the intended location, the straps of the two barges were removed. The two barges will be separated due to the wave shake, and the pyramid will fall to the bottom of the sea. The sinking was carried out by local fishermen.

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